Correcting Gappy Teeth
Gaps in the front teeth are also known as diastemas. While they can occur anywhere within the mouth, they normally occur between the two front teeth.
What causes diastemas?
- Diastema’s are caused when there is a discrepancy between the size of the teeth and the space in the jaw.
- Some diastema’s are hereditary and have a genetic link that can run through families.
- Diastema’s between the two front teeth can be caused by a tick piece of gum (frenum) that prevents the teeth from meeting
- Gum recession, after successful periodontal therapy
- Some diastema’s can be caused by advancing gum disease. These are gaps that appear over time and can often be associated with red, inflamed gums and mobile teeth.
If you suddenly develop gaps or original gaps are getting bigger, this can be a cause for concern and can be caused by advancing gum disease. We would advise you not to ignore this and to see your dentist immediately for a diagnosis and treatment of gum disease.
What solutions are there to close my diastemas?
Treating diastema’s is more of a cosmetic issue rather one that will improve oral health (unless you have gaps suddenly appearing due to gum disease)
There are numerous options available depending on the site and extent of the gaps. These include:
- Braces: either Invisalign or fixed braces
- Composite bonding
Invisalign is the invisible way to straighten your teeth. Invisalign is a custom made clear plastic aligner that will gently and gradually move your teeth into the optimal position.
Depending on the severity of the case it can taken anywhere from 4-12 months to treat, with the average case taking 6-8 months to finish.
Traditional fixed braces
Fixed braces involve a metal or ceramic bracket that is temporarily glued to the front surface of your tooth. The brackets are joined together by a flexible wire which is adjusted over time to straighten your teeth.
Fixed braces, are the gold standards in orthodontics. They are the most reliable, predictable and accurate method of straightening your teeth and can solve simple up to complicated movements. It can take between 12-24 months to straighten your teeth with the average treatment taking 18 months.
In some cases, tooth-coloured composite material can be added to each side of the tooth to close the space. This is often a cheaper option that can be completed within a day.
These are thin shells of either porcelain or composite material that fit over your teeth and can instantly change the appearance of your teeth. Veneers also have the added benefit of changing the size, shape and colour of your teeth.
Sometimes, we may have to braces plus composite bonding or veneers to achieve the desired result.
How do I know what option is best for me?
At Chapel Dental we will examine your mouth and utilise the latest technology, the itero 5D element to envisage your results. We will also discuss with you your long-term goals so we can create a comprehensive plan tailored to your needs. We also offer 0% finance plans to help with your budget.